An introduction for and against Essay

the question else’s some people think that all teenagers should be required to do unpaid work in their free time to help the local community we believe this would benefit both the individual teenager and society as a whole to what extent do you agree or disagree let me ask you a question dr. Amen what kind of essay is it what kind of essay for organist yes it’s a for the gayness essay due to air how many positions we have here yeah how many positions have how many opinions do we have here — pinions — opinions do to him what are they the first one that the benefit for teenagers to work for on without playing and work yes without anything yes and the other one and then what is the effect of this on community on social social relations I think so what I wanted to understand — a moment so that’s what I’m asking I’m asking or I say that people some people think that teenagers should be required to do unpaid work in their free time and this will help the individual and the community to what extent do you agree or disagree so the two companions in lr2 what are the first one that villagers yeah that teenagers should be required to do unpaid work in three free time do you know the community or teenagers shouldn’t be required to do unpaid work in their free time but if you so starting from the very beginning when you start brainstorming you have to work on brainstorming for the two sides okay okay so how will we start we are gonna start with the end luxury paragraph so before talking about the introductory paragraph may I ask you something have you asked yourself a question how can I make the topic sentence let me help you to make the topic sentence we’re freezing here I need an idea unfortunately it’s not paraphrasing doctor in this in this port here but try to get some words here like unpaid where like what unpaid work what’s on me full answer right yes yes that’s right so unpaid work here unpaid work here can lead you to the part of what of voluntary work right that’s why that’s how we can make a topic sentence so here I say voluntary work me definitely real put yes help the young women build their own personalities and explore the world around them in a more yeah in a more sorry its paragraph four yeah voluntary work is believed to be one of the most important factors that greatly greatly what contributes to the prosperity and the welfare of many communities and people’s worldwide okay so on till here doctors this is what now this is a topic sentence my question now is have I stated my position no even have I given any details no no I’m talking about what I’m talking about about voluntary work in general right I want you now to notice something notice the use of these believes to and that’s something we’re going to talk about later we’re here you have the word yeah yeah contributes to we had hear the word what yeah we have here the word yeah force parity that’s right so now we have various vocabulary right so so the first topic sentence we got voluntary word them how did we get voluntary word we got grant theory work through reading the question through analyzing in the question and we found sorry and here we found the word what we found the word yeah update I got voluntary word that’s here so yes now the second one will be thesis statement in the thesis statement will what will narrowing your topic and state your position yeah starting with what starting with the opposing beside to your own personal viewpoint but here if this means that if I’m gonna be with I’m gonna start with agonist if I’m gonna be against I’m gonna start with a positive point right look can you please read the first sentence here yeah this kind of where does not list top list this kind of work why didn’t I say voluntary work wide range of vocabulary why drink a prairie and in order to avoid repetition right yep gone please discard work yeah doesn’t have its merits especially for young teenagers stop please what does marriage mean married yeah there’s no this year do nudes here hair we started hell we started the sentence who start with what here and I was fool with for with the poster poetry you do to him what’s gonna be the second sentence go on please never seen a waiver however young men are not the obligation of right was disguised what of work right go on please yeah the thing let me have negative impact on both younger generation and their community so now here this means that I’m gonna be with or against us against right so let’s read the introductory paragraph again voluntary work is believed to be one of the most important factors that greatly contributes to the prosperity and welfare of many communities and people’s worldwide right topic sentence okay general topic sentence what’s our second step narrowing the topic okay this kind of work does have its merits especially for younger teenagers semicolon we are going to talk about it in the punctuation session however I see that young men are not to be obliged to practice the sky work the thing that we have negative impacts so it should be what here it should be that may have a negative impact on both young generations and what and their communities okay what does this mean here this means that we want against right so what’s it gonna be the second paragraph in the body it’s gonna be a paragraph for Organists for right yeah it’s gonna be a paragraph for yeah so I think you’re following me now right okay but a grass one foot mean as you see here in my except relation main idea one yeah so main idea one that I made in an hour brainstorming as I explained right and the topic sentence of this paragraph yes voluntary work may definitely help the argument build their own personalities and what and explore the world lit around them in a more comprehensive and what yeah well matter nice until now this is what this is a topic sentence this is the main idea of what of the first four paragraph you understand me so so in my brainstorming I’m gonna write what I’m gonna write here the young women build build the personals right so I’m gonna write here volunteer work me definitely help the young women build their own personalities and explore the world around them in a more comprehensive and global manner right okay what’s gonna be the second sentence yeah supporting one due to movement okay what is the first word here love creating illustrating this means that before moving to the first supporting detail one you should let you read there know that here you are gonna give more accept donation you can use illustrating you can use it specifically you can say namely you can say you know in other words you can say to o illustrate and this is your homework number two which is the study worth of transactions look at a minute and due to a are you still with me here yes okay illustrating they what does they refer to generation ranks it would be more more what liable liable to means subjected to normally liable to communicate with various types of what of people the thing that that what broadens their minds and what and enhance their communication skills force to operate and then I’m gonna write what now supporting retail to additionally so here the use of connecting word so the use of connecting where the here means that what that I’m gonna move to talk about another idea and that’s what I call what and that’s what I call fellow who over his okay additionally such voluntary activities so instead of repeating volunteering word here I say voluntary activities yes you can still hear me right such a voluntary activities me enable those young age groups notice the word year those young age groups in order not to repeat young generation lose young age groups to what to pray performing perform got some tasks and be subjected to to what certain situations that will in turn foster what’s foster support increase intellectual and what and social abilities in what and their later life stages and notes okay so what is them what is the first main idea here help young men build their own personalities and explore the world around them what is the first reporting detail one we start with illustrating and we said help them better communicate help them broaden their minds what is the other subducting detail the second support in the detail which is what which is yeah loose young age groups yeah therefore learn some tasks and be subjected to new situations will help them foster their intellectual and the social abilities and their later life stages okay so I want you now to come and notice newts what notes here this paragraph follow me for this paragraph here we have topic sentence right topic sentence in this topic sentence its general right here I have I have what explore its advanced world I have the word the comprehensive I have the word the global so now I have wide range of vocabulary right now I had the straighting I’m making use of connecting words or transition right okay here I have broke their minds I still use what I still use yeah vocabulary right okay enhance I still have I also still use what yeah vocabulary yeah additionally connecting word additionally connecting word okay yes look here yeah intellectual and the social also connecting word sorry the word advanced vocabulary the word what yeah the word that Foster poster okay here loose young aged in order to avoid repetition that’s here okay that will in turn I’m using a different sentence structure okay here so when I’m come when I come to correct myself I try to look at the lexical resources the cohesion and coherence the flow of ideas the use of connecting words the different use of sentence structure until now okay what’s gonna be the third paragraph it’s gonna be a paragraph again straight okay so look here yes in the paragraph against we are gonna do another thing which is what

Writing the Results Section for Research Papers

[Music] the results section of scientific research paper reports the findings of your study derived from the methods you applied to gather and analyze information it states the findings of the study or research and presents them in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation from the author the results section is the third major section of most scientific papers it follows the presentation of the methods and materials and comes before the discussion section it answers the question what did you find in your research the results section should include the findings of your study and only the findings the findings include data presented in tables charts graphs and other figures contextual analysis of this data explaining its meaning and sentence form and an explanation of data derived from previous studies if the scope of the study is very broad or full of variables or if the methodology used yields a wide range of different results the author should state only those results that are most relevant to the research question stated in the introduction section as a general rule any information that does not present the direct findings or outcome of the study should be left out of the results section this includes methods of analysis background and interpretation of the results how are the results organized the best answer is logically one logical and clear method of organizing the results is to provide them alongside the research questions present the type of data that addresses the research question for instance your research question is based upon a survey what do hospital patients over the age of 55 think about post-operative care this can actually be represented as a heading within your paper though it might be presented as a statement rather than a question attitudes towards post-operative care and patients over the age of 55 first you should present the results that address this specific research question in this case perhaps a table of survey data Likert items are included here as well other tables might include standard deviations probability matrices etc following this present a Content analysis of one end of the spectrum of the survey in this case the positive survey responses about post-operative care using descriptive phrases include data such as frequency counts in rich quotes for each category the amount of verbal description here depends on how much interpretation of the figure is necessary and how many examples the reader needs to read to understand these findings for instance 65% of patients over 55 responded positively to the question are you satisfied with your hospital’s post-operative care then present a content analysis of another part of the spectrum of the same research question perhaps the negative or neutral responses to the survey use defined terms or abbreviations to make descriptions more concise for instance as figure 1 shows 15 out of 60 patients in Group A responded negatively to question 1 after you have assessed the data in one figure and explained it sufficiently move on to your next research question for example how does patient satisfaction affect improvements in post-operative care present data in the form of a figure or set of figures for instance a paired t-tests table follow this with more Content analysis to explain data the p-value between the before and after sets of patients was point zero three percent the greater the dissatisfaction of patients the more frequent where the changes the hospitals made let’s look at another example of a results section from an experiment in the introduction sections the aims of the study are presented as determining the physiological and morphological responses of Allium septa L towards increased cadmium toxicity and evaluating its potential to accumulate the metal and its associated environmental consequences accordingly the results section presents data showing how these aims are achieved in both tables and content analysis beginning with an overview of the findings cadmium caused inhibition of roots and leaves elongation particularly with increasing effects at higher exposure doses figure 1a to see the figure that represents this statement in terms of hard data is cited immediately note that this author has included three graphs in one figure separating the data into separate graphs makes it easier for the reader to understand the findings while consolidating this information into one figures save space and makes it easy to locate all of the most relevant results following this overall summary the relevant data in the tables is broken down in greater detail a major purpose of the results section is to down the data into sentences that show its relative or superlative significance the results section is essentially the figures data tables charts graphs etc expressed in sentence form however the results section is not the place to interpret these findings and evaluate their significance this should be done in the discussion section because tables and figures are the central components of your results section knowing how to place the data caption the figures and refer to them within the text of the results is critical the most important advice one can give here as well as throughout the paper is to check the requirements and standards of the journal to what you’re submitting your work every journal has its own design and layout standards which will give you an idea of the proper number size and complexity of your figures regardless of which format you use the figures should be placed in the order they are referenced in the results section and be as clear and easy to understand as possible to create a caption consider the research question being asked and change it into a phrase for example if one question is which color did participants choose the caption might read color choice by participant group or as in our research paper example or the question is what is the concentration of cadmium in different parts of the onion after 14 days the overall caption reads figure 1a to see mean concentration of cadmium determined in a bulbs B leaves and C roots of an onion after 14 days period whenever a figure is referenced the information being analyzed should be as clear and concise as possible especially if there are many tables and figures being used in the paper because each study is unique there is no one-size-fits-all approach when it comes to designing a strategy for writing the results section the content and layout of this section are impacted by the specific area of research or specialization the design of the study and particular methodologies and the guidelines of the target journal and its editors however the following steps can be used to compose the results of most scientific research studies step 1 consult the guidelines or instructions the target journal or publisher provides authors and read research papers it is published especially those with similar topics methods or results to your study the guidelines will generally outline specific requirements for the results section in reading the published articles will provide sound examples of successful approaches step 2 consider your research results in relation to the journals requirements and catalogue your results catalog your results using subheadings to streamline and clarify your report this will help you avoid excessive in peripheral details as you write and also help your reader understand and remember your findings decide how to structure your results it could be determined by your research questions and hypotheses or it could match the arrangement in order of your methods section a chronological order or even a hierarchy of importance or meaningful grouping of main themes or categories might prove effective step 3 design figures and tables to present and illustrate your data generally tables and figures should be numbered according to the order in which they are mentioned in the main text of the paper they should also be self-explanatory and thus their design should include all definitions and other information necessary for a reader to understand the findings if you create the tables and figures before drafting the text of the results section you can use them as a focal point to tell a clear and informative story about your research and avoid repetition but remember that well figures clarify and enhance the text it cannot replace it step 4 draft your results section using the findings and figures you have organized the goal is to communicate this complex information as clearly and precisely as possible so concise and well-constructed sentences are most effective in the opening paragraph of this section restate your research questions or aims to focus reader’s attention to what the results are trying to show it is always a good idea to summarize key findings at the end of this section to create a logical transition to the interpretation and discussion that follows write in the past tense and using the active voice to relay the findings since the research has already been done and the agent is generally clear this will ensure that your explanations are also logical and clear make certain that any specialized terminology or abbreviations you use that might be unclear or confusing have been defined and clarified in the introduction step 5 review edit and revise your draft until it reports results exactly as you would like to have them reported to your readers after you have finished your first draft it is time to review it editing for accuracy of content and revising for errors and grammar or janek’s double-check the accuracy and consistency of the data across the section as well as all of the visual elements included read your draft aloud to catch any language errors awkward phrasings in missing transitions make sure your grammar spelling and punctuation are also correct and convey information as effectively as possible ensure that your results are presented in the best order to focus on objectives and prepare readers for interpretations evaluations recommendations and other discussion elements you want to address during this process you should consider seeking additional guidance find additional readers to look over your paper and see if it can be improved in any way peers professors or qualified experts can give you insights that you might overlook on your own one good option is to use a professional academic editing service such as word vise word vise has hundreds of qualified editors from dozens of scientific fields who have helped thousands of authors revise their manuscripts and get accepted into their target journals by writing with clarity and conciseness and by highlighting and explaining the crucial findings of your study you can increase the impact and effectiveness of your research manuscript for more articles and videos on writing your research manuscript visit the resource pages at word vice.com you

Grammarly vs WhiteSmoke vs Ginger — What’s the Best Grammar Checker in 2020?

hi there this is Brian Collins from become a writer today and are you interested in fixing grammar mistakes in your writing or perhaps you heard about online grammar checkers and proofreading tools that you can use well I wrote tested three of the most popular online grammar checkers these are grammarly white smoke and ginger software and in this video review I’m going to stack these grammar checkers up side-by-side and I’m also going to compare them to words grammar checker so you can see which is best for fixing issues in your writing so for the purposes of this test I wrote a seven hundred word nonfiction article and I put some grammar and spelling mistakes into the article and I wrote it in word and don’t get me wrong the grammar checker N word is okay you know it has identified some issues with my writing so for example those grammar mistakes here I’m missing some full stops and so on and it’s also called a spelling mistake however word has also missed some issues so here is an example today Oh No known as father of in other words word hasn’t identified that there is a missing word within this sentence so let’s take this article and put it into grammarly and see if grammarly can find and fix this embarrassing grammar mistake so I have open the grammarly desktop app for Mac and I’m gonna paste my article into grammarly and it will take a few seconds to scan through the document and what it will do is much like word it will highlight or underline these sentences where there are issues so if I click mission you can see here it’s suggesting that I should change it to this and obviously it’s up to you to decide whether you want to do this or not but let’s see has it caught the missing word that word missed today oh no known as father of yes it has and if I highlight or hover over known it will give me some context in the sidebar so you can see here that grammar late will help me find embarrassing mistakes in my work the other thing I like about grammarly premium is it gives me lots of insights in a sidebar in other words reasons behind my mistakes and if I click on insights here I can find out how long my character count of my document is and they can find out the readability score and this is useful if I want to simplify my writing and become a better self editor and you I can also go to each one of these menu items to look for particular mistakes in my work and you can even send your work to a human proof reader if you’re particularly concerned about your writing what I would say to you is the premium version of grammar you will find and fix more mistakes than the free version and it would also give you deeper insights into what’s wrong with your writing or what you need to fix so next let’s see if whitesmoke can catch the grammar mistakes that weren’t missed i much grammerly identified and I’ve got open on screen white smoke for Mac of course white smoke is also available in your web browser and for Windows so I’m gonna paste the article into white smoke you can see here white smoke will bring over the formatting which is useful if I want to write directly in white smoke unlike grammarly I need to click check text to search the document for issues so let’s click check text when you do this it takes out some of the formatting but let’s see if I cut that mistake and you can see here it did it said it’s an incomplete sentence so that’s great I’m gonna click on today I can get an explanation of why this is an incomplete sentence and I can fix it directly in white smoke by typing you can also see it as a spelling mistake above the incomplete sentence and if I want to accept white smoke suggestion all I have to do is click when I’m done fixing all the mistakes in document all I have to do is copy the document into wherever else I’m going to users or I can click the apply changes button and this will happen all right smoke will open up a blank text document and paste it in with all of the changes directly made for me so this is just another way of exporting directly from white smoke so let’s see if ginger software can find the same issues that word makes too much grammarly found and for this test I’m using the web app for Chrome I’m gonna paste the article which I’ve saved to my clipboard into ginger software and let’s see what happens okay so it’s brought in all the formatting which is really useful for self editing you can see here it takes a few seconds to scan through the document my first thought is it’s a you second slower than grammerly but it seems to be catching almost everything but has it caught the sentence in question so when I scroll down I can see here that yes it’s identified there is a missing word it proposed a suggestion which I’m going to accept by clicking on the correct button so you can see here I could work my way to the document and fix all of these issues however it’s actually missed a spelling mistake here in the headline and I think this may be something to do with the formatting so let’s type that out and see does it does it still find an issue how to use the five why’s X when I do this yes it catches the spidey mistake so so there must be some small issue with having mistakes in your headlines so this is a good indication that while these tools are all really useful you should still print out your articles or your work and check them for mistakes and for longer pieces of writing you should always work with a human proof reader but that’s it they do serve as another line of defense and I particularly like ginger software because it also has an ability to translate articles into different languages so when I paste it in here it goes detect languages English and then I can pick from over 60 different languages including Irish so I’m from barlen so I’m gonna pick Irish and let’s see what happens and yes this this looks very much like Irish or Gaelic although I probably need to go through and fix this to make sure the translation is correct so for example I can see here some ampersands and numbers but this could be useful way of perhaps writing something in your native language and then converting it to English in other words going in the opposite direction the other feature that I like about ginger software is it has a dictionary built into it which is useful of your writer and you’re looking for new words and you should always look for new words so let’s type in something here and yes you can see here I can get definitions of words in question and if I’ve overused a word like make which is a commonly overused word by writers you can see here there’s lots of different cinnamons I can pick from so my takeaway from ginger software is it’s got lots of little interesting features but you just need to be careful with your headings if you’re going to use it so I have on screen the pricing for grammarly at the time of recording this video and you can see you can pay frame I monthly quarterly or annual subscription the monthly subscription is $29 per month whereas the annual subscription is just under $12 if you pay all from Selassie you can save a lot of money by paying all upfront or alternatively you could take out the quarterly subscription um balance affordability with perhaps taking a chunk out of your bank balance ginger software at the time recording this video we’re running a promotion where they offer 30% off and I know grammerly sometimes offers these promotions and you can see here it’s approximately $10 cheaper for the monthly subscription and if I go over to white smoke you can see it’s significantly cheaper than the other two proofreading tools if you pay for a yearly subscription it’s just six $59 all up front or if you pay for a tree or subscription you can just pay for 444 for 3 years of access to white smoke that’s it Grammy I’m ginger both offer free versions of their tools that you can roll test by installing into Chrome or by downloading and the free versions are relatively powerful they just don’t find as many grammar issues and you can see here remedy has unscrewing the difference between the two so the premium version has some advanced checks for punctuation and grammar which I can vouch for because I know the premium version of grammerly often finds issues with my comic placements and I has some additional vocabulary suggestions and you also get access to their plagiarism detector ginger software premium is somewhat similar in that you get access to a sentence reef razor which will help you self edit your writing and it will also give you some more analysis of your errors in other words more insights and that’s something I talk about in my detailed review which you can find a link to below this video so I hope you can see that each of the three grammar checkers that I featured in this video are more powerful than what word can do white smoke is perhaps the most affordable of the three and it’s great for new writers on a budget ginger has lots of fancy and additional features which are useful particularly if English is not your native language and grammerly is actually the grammar checker tool that I use most frequently because I signed up in 2015 but that’s as much down to a personal preference as it is to grammarly doing anything that the other two can’t do what I would actually encourage you to do is to try each of the three tools and then see which one fits best with the way you like to write and the way you like to work if you’ve got questions about this comparison just ask me below the video thanks for watching